CW prevention
Many of The New York Foundling’s home-based interventions provide families with counseling and guidance based upon research-backed approaches that designed to them supported, stable, and together.

Headlines in New York and nationally echo a theme: “Child advocates fear uptick in child abuse cases,” “Coronavirus lockdown shields abused kids from watchful eyes,” “Prepare for surge of child abuse cases after quarantine.”  Calls to the child abuse hotline are significantly lower, likely due to mandated reporters like teachers not “laying eyes” on children as often.  If the expected post-COVID spike in child abuse and neglect reports does happen, it is quite likely that some of these children will be placed in foster care.

The number of New York City children coming into foster care is also lower this spring than in previous years.  But that’s not unusual; in fact, new admissions into foster care have been consistently trending lower for years, and the number of children in foster care as of February is 7,718.  In the 1990’s, tens of thousands of children were in the City’s care. 

What’s driven this change?  New York City, more than any other region of the country, has invested in and thoroughly utilized prevention programs.  “Prevention,” in child welfare, has a dual meaning: prevent child maltreatment and prevent placement into foster care.  These programs are designed to provide a scaffold of safety around families while supporting parents in meeting their families’ needs.  The end result: stronger families, safer children, fewer admissions to foster care.

One of the reasons these programs effectively lower foster care rates is they address the reasons behind the majority of hotline calls, reports of child neglect.  Sometimes a parent needs resources like food, which a prevention program can help with while also assisting the parent apply for SNAP.  Perhaps it’s teaching a new parent how to care for a child, or helping a parent learn how to handle the complications of a special-needs child; prevention programs do this work in their communities.  Families struggling with mental or behavioral health issues might need more structured evidence-based prevention programs.  And to truly strengthen families and communities, the city provides primary prevention services in the Family Enrichment Centers, where families can go when they recognize they could use an assist—well before their family’s needs escalate into a hotline call.

During this pandemic and the stay-at-home order, the city’s prevention program workers have continued to go out into their communities to meet families’ needs, assisting with emergency food deliveries, distance-learning and other web-based technology, personal protective gear, cleaning supplies, and other essential supports.  The familiar (though masked) face coming to the door with a supportive voice and listening ear have helped countless families throughout these months.  Prevention caseworker contacts with families are up by more than 100 percent, and workers have doubled their engagements with the most hard-to-reach youth as families respond to needed services.  In child welfare services, re-opening will mean addressing a surge in parental unemployment, food and housing insecurities, managing children that are no longer in daily school settings, and dealing with a significant number of losses of a Black and Brown parents who are the hardest hit by COVID-19deaths. 

So, if re-opening means many more CPS cases, what of those foster care predictions?  “Predictions” are all they are, and things don’t have to happen that way.  Building on the great work these prevention services workers have done, why not surge the opening of new services to meet the expected demand?  Why not put in place exactly those supports that those families will need?  New York City has the strongest prevention services in the nation, so why not meet the surge in need with a surge in these services? “More children in foster care” is not the result anyone wants.  We can do better: better for these families, better for the children, better for the communities most impacted, and certainly better for New York City.  COVID-19 showed us how much families rely on these programs, and we need them now more than ever. 


Jim Purcell is the President and CEO of the Council of Family and Child Caring Agencies, which represents over 100 nonprofits providing child welfare services in New York City and across New York State.

2 thoughts on “Opinion: Prevention Services Can Help NYC Avoid a Feared Foster-Care Surge

  1. Thank you for your article but are you aware that the Prevention Programs in N.Y.C. are being de-funded the end of this month? Did you know that the agencies that provided these services are closing?
    I work in an inner city school and know first hand of the importance of Prevention Services in strengthening families & children. It is a much valued & needed service that those who take part in can attest.
    This is something that sends my blood to a boil, the programs that support are families are the first too close.
    Please advise me as to how we can try to re-install this very much needed support to families & children.

    Pat Milizio, L-CSW-R
    School Social Worker &
    Clinical Therapist

  2. Ms. Milizio is exactly right that the overall capacity for General Preventive- now called Family Support, programs has been decreased by 26+ percent in the City, in favor of models of practice that are short term and time-limited, and focus on very specific protocols for child welfare case management of families with severe substance abuse, adolescent criminality or severe mental health needs. These specialized programs will now make up over 50% of the City’s preventive capacity. General preventive programs- the programs Mr. Purcell sites as delivering food, helping people to find health care for COVID related illness, etc. are going to become more difficult to access and will no longer be community-based- a huge feature that made access easy for people in neighborhoods. All this in the midst of the most severe economic and health crisis in memory. New specialized programs, according to Mr. Purcell’s Coalition, are struggling to hire and achieve full functional capacity, so that it is very unclear if on July 1, 2020, when the new contract year begins, that they will be in a position to offer support to even those limited populations they are designed to help.

    Let’s all remember- poverty and marginalization drive families into the child welfare system. The very notion of “child welfare” as a service is a “catch-all,” it is a place to put families experiencing any and all problems that cause instability. Where else can they be sent in the current system? To the police? To a mental health clinic for individual psychotherapy? How would that make sense??

    Until the City acknowledges that communities that have historically been feeding the child welfare system for decades- exactly 18 community districts that have been predictably on the list of the top “feeders”- are communities plagued by structural racism and poverty and all the concomitant scourges that are racism and poverty’s close cousins and that these 18 communities need to have partnership and resources, which is what General Preventive- now Family Support- services can provide, we will find a million ways to “treat” or “intervene” with families but nothing will fundamentally change. Family Support services require no diagnosis, no payment, they present us with an opportunity for one person with some knowledge of resources and opportunities, (awkwardly called the caseplanner) and another person who is willing to be in partnership (equally awkwardly called the client), to work together to build a platform of mutual trust and respect and to get things that need to be done, done. Whether that is getting a landlord to turn on heat, figuring out how to cope with unpaid rent arrears, or understanding the complex human healing that has to happen when families experience intimate partner violence or abuse, a holistic family support program that understands its role in a historical, political and economic context, is the best chance we have to not only protect children but to protect ourselves against participating in the perpetuation of deeply rooted systemic marginalization and oppression of poor communities and communities of color.

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